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Pentane gas

This Pentane gas a colorless, flammable liquid with a gasoline-like odor. It is a hydrocarbon, meaning that it is made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms. This gas is the first liquid member of the alkane family of hydrocarbons.

Sepher gas kavian company is a producer and importer of high quality laboratory gases and gas mixtures (calibration gases) and all related equipment for various industries. Sepher gas kavian is active in supplying pure laboratory gases and mixed gases in percent, ppm, ppb such as pentane.

Pentane gas


The main resources of C5H12 are:

Crude oil: This gas is a major component of the pentane fraction of crude oil, which is also known as the C5 fraction. The pentane fraction is typically separated from crude oil by fractional distillation.

Natural gas: This gas is also found in natural gas, typically at concentrations of 0.1% to 1%. Pentane can be extracted from natural gas by a process called absorption, in which the pentane is dissolved in a solvent and then separated from the solvent.

Petroleum products: C5H12 is also a byproduct of the production of gasoline and other petroleum products. When petroleum is refined, the pentane fraction is separated from the other components of petroleum.

Technical specification

Chemical formula C5H12
Molecular weight 72.1488 g/mol
Boiling point 36.06 °C
Melting point -129.6 °C
Specific gravity 2.49 (air = 1)
Vapor pressure 380 kPa at 20 °C
Flammability limits 1.4% – 7.6%
Odor Faint, gasoline-like odor

Pentane gas


This gas is used in a variety of applications, including:

Solvent: This gas is a good solvent for a variety of organic compounds. It is used in the production of plastics, resins, and other synthetic materials. For example, pentane is used to dissolve rubber and plastics during the manufacturing process. It is also used to remove solvents from other solvents, such as toluene and xylene.

Fuel: This gas can be used as a fuel in gasoline engines. It is also used as a fuel in portable stoves and lanterns. For example, C5H12 is used as a fuel in some camping stoves and lanterns. It is also used as a fuel in some cars that have been converted to run on alternative fuels.

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG): This gas is one of the components of LPG, which is a mixture of hydrocarbons that is used as a fuel for heating and cooking. For example, this gas is used as a fuel in some home heating systems. It is also used as a fuel in some commercial cooking appliances.

Blowing agent: This gas is used as a blowing agent in the production of polystyrene foam. The C5H12 expands when it is heated, creating small bubbles in the foam. For example, this gas is used to create the foam insulation that is used in refrigerators and other appliances. It is also used to create the foam insulation that is used in building construction.

Refrigerant: This gas is used as a refrigerant in some refrigeration systems. For example, this gas is used as a refrigerant in some air conditioners and refrigerators. It is also used as a refrigerant in some industrial processes.

Other applications: C5H12 is also used in a variety of other applications, such as:

Making artificial snow

Extracting essential oils

Cleaning electronic components

Preparing samples for laboratory analysis.

Pentane gas


Pentane gas is a highly flammable and toxic substance that can pose a number of dangers to human health and safety.

Fire and explosion hazards

This gas is highly flammable and can ignite easily in the presence of an ignition source, such as a spark, flame, or heat. This can lead to fires and explosions, which can cause serious injuries or death.

Health hazards

Inhalation of this gas can cause a number of health problems, including:








Loss of consciousness

Respiratory problems, such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath

Pulmonary edema (fluid buildup in the lungs)


Skin and eye contact

Contact with pentane gas can irritate the skin and eyes, causing redness, burning, and swelling.